Venezuelan migration: 34.4% of them are in Colombia | Economy

Colombia has become one of the countries that have received a large part of migrants from Venezuela after the political and economic crisis witnessed by the neighboring country. The most recent Migratory Log report showed that there are 7,131,435 Venezuelan migrants worldwide. Of them, 34.74% are in our country.

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The study reveals that it has not yet been possible to integrate the Venezuelan population, that is to say the population most important condition of human mobility in the country. Currently, more than 85% of foreigners in Colombia are Venezuelans and most of them are destined to stay, according to figures from Colombia Migration.

However, his conditions of permanence are not the best. For example, only 943,391 Venezuelans in Colombia are affiliated with the General Health Social Security System.

Venezuelans are coming back in droves”: according to the study only one
27% of migrants surveyed said they wanted to be in Colombia to
some time but who wants to return to Venezuela.

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However, what is striking is thatl 62% want to carry out their life project in the country, i.e. to settle permanently in Colombia. When asked if the reopening of the border would return to Venezuela, 60% answered no and if they would do it before the change of
Colombian government, 86% also answered no.

Immigration Diary 2022

Rosario University

Finally, by comparing the study with data from R4V, the multi-agency platform, between November and December 2022there is a reduction of 0.03% of the diaspora
Venezuelan.
This implies that the return of migrants is less regular than expected for the holidays and the end of the year.

However, the study also shows that 34% of Venezuelans arrived in the country in the last 3 years and could not establish themselves. Among the problems, not having a permanent home.

(Read: United States: effects of maintaining a rule that allows the deportation of migrants).

24% of Venezuelans were displaced last year, 18% in the last 6 months and 23% in the last three months. It is important to keep in mind that according to R4V data, between February 2021 and December 2022, 1,484,714 Venezuelans left their country, Venezuelan migration did not stop.

A call from the report focuses on the importance of working on the validation of qualifications and the design of a public policy to continue the process of training this population. Whereas the 43% of Venezuelan migrants surveyed have completed high school7% have a technical or technological training, 10% a university education, and among the respondents 0% a postgraduate education.

The report also shows that the The most common means of arrival for Venezuelans are the trails, by 78%. Next come informal tourist buses with 17%.

Finally, 28% of the migrants questioned consider that access to fundamental rights in Colombia is very difficult.

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